WORLD WAR I: Allied and Central Powers’ Propaganda

During World War I, the United States and Great Britain used posters to invoke action and emotion among their citizens in order to promote the war effort. While their posters were effective, Germany’s direct, emotionless posters were not.

James Montgomery Flagg

United States artist James Montgomery Flagg created the famous Uncle Sam poster to persuade men to enlist in the army. Other posters that were created by him and other artists from the U.S. and Great Britain urged every kind of citizen, such as women, children, and older people, to participate in the war effort in any way they could.

While the posters created by German artists were well done, they didn’t effectively provoke Germans to come together for the war effort. These posters were pro-war, but didn’t play to people’s emotions. This poster promoted U-boats, but didn’t do anything to persuade a young man to enlist. Later, when Hitler came to power, he said that the number one reason the Germans lost WWI was their lack of effective propaganda.

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